Health Care Positions, Education Requirements and Earning Potential
Cardiovascular Technologists assist physicians in diagnosing and treating patients who have, or may have, cardiac and/or peripheral vascular disease. Radiologic Technologist Cardiovascular (RTCV) Specialists are proficient in the use and application of analytical equipment. They prepare patients for diagnostic and interventional procedures and examine patients at the request of the physician.
Requires a high school diploma, Maryland Radiological Technologist license and membership in the American Registry of Radiological Technologist, CPR-AHA certification and six months of cardiovascular experience.
Diagnostic Imaging (Radiology) Technologist
Diagnostic imaging technologists provide noninvasive, diagnostic procedures utilizing digital equipment.
Requires graduation from an AMA-JCH-approved program in radiological technology and current registration in the American Registry of Radiological Technologists (ARRT). Registry-eligible applicants may be considered, but must be ARRT certified within 18 months of hire. Requires a current Maryland State license in radiology. CPR-AHA certification is also necessary.
Diagnostic Medical Sonographer (Ultrasound)
Diagnostic medical sonographers provide non-invasive, diagnostic procedures utilizing ultrasound waves.
Requires CPR-AHA certification and graduation from an AMA-JCH-approved program in ultrasonography. Current registration as a Registered Diagnostic Medical Sonographer (RDMS) preferred, or certificate from a school of medicine in ultrasonography.
These health care professionals operate electrocardio (EKG) machines and interpret basic electrocardiograms.
Requires a high school diploma and CPR-AHA certification.
Health Information Management (Medical Records) Coder
Medical records coding is the process of translating diagnoses and procedures described by doctors or other medical professionals into codes that are recognized and accepted by Medicare and other insurance programs. Health information management coders allow doctors and hospitals to be compensated for the services they deliver and allow individuals to be reimbursed for medical expenses that they have incurred.
Requires a high school diploma plus completion of a certified medical records program. Certification as a Registered Health Information Technician (RHIT), Registered Health Information Administrator (RHIA) or Certified Coding Specialist is also required.
Home Health Aide
Home health and personal care aides help people who are disabled, chronically ill or cognitively impaired. They also help older adults who may need assistance. They help with activities such as bathing and dressing, and they provide services such as light housekeeping. In some states, home health aides may be able to give a client medication or check the client's vital signs under the direction of a nurse or other health care practitioner.
Requires a high school diploma or equivalent, CPR-AHA certification and current certification in Maryland as a certified nursing assistant.
Medical Biller/Patient Accounting Representative
Patient accounting representatives coordinate and review billing, collections and patient account information using the mainframe computer system. They ensure accuracy when entering and retrieving patient demographic and insurance information, and coordinate collection activity with payers and patients.
Requires a high school diploma and the ability to understand ICD-9, CP-4, revenue and condition coding systems. Experience with medical insurance plans and billing is preferred. Interpersonal skills, both written and oral, are necessary in order to effectively communicate with hospital personnel, patients and visitors.
Medical Transcriptionist/Medical Laboratory Technologist
The medical technologist (MT) and medical laboratory technologist (MLT) perform chemical, hematological, bacteriological and microscopic testing on a variety of patient specimens.
MTs and MLTs use scientific procedures to analyze these specimens and prepare the results for reporting. They may perform manual testing or use automated instrumentation. The technologist generally works under the supervision of a laboratory director and management team.
Medical technologists require coursework in chemistry, biology and math, and completion of an accredited clinical bachelor's degree program in medical technology. Medical laboratory technologists also require coursework through a clinical associate degree program.
Nuclear Medicine Technologist
Nuclear medicine technologists perform invasive, diagnostic procedures using radioactive chemical dye.
Requires graduation from an AMA-JCH-approved program of nuclear medicine technology, current registry in the American Registry of Radiology Technologist Division for Certified Nuclear Medicine Technologist and CPR-AHA certification. Registry-eligible applicants may be considered and hired, but registry is required within 18 months of employment. A current Maryland State license in nuclear medicine technology is also required.
Nursing, Certified Nursing Assistant (CNA)
Certified nursing assistants/patient care technicians provide basic nursing bedside assistance to patients under the direct supervision of a licensed nurse.
Requires a high school diploma, CPR-AHA certification and current certification in Maryland as a certified nursing assistant.
Nursing, Registered Nurse (RN)
Registered nurses (RNs) perform direct patient care that requires substantial specialized knowledge, judgment and skill, based on principles of the biological, physiological, behavioral and sociological sciences. Registered nurses may assume administrative functions and perform more specialized treatments and procedures than licensed practical nurses.
RNs may specialize in areas such as emergency, critical care, cardiovascular, operating room, home care, hospice, oncology, labor and delivery or lactation consulting. Specialty areas of nursing may require additional certifications from the respective national nursing associations.
Requires a diploma/AA/BSN with a current Maryland Registered Nursing license and CPR-AHA certification.
Pharmacy technicians work under the direction of a pharmacist and perform tasks involved with the storage, distribution, packaging and labeling of drugs.
Requires a high school diploma and completion of a certified pharmacy technician program. Must be registered with the State of Maryland. Knowledge of medical terminology a plus.
The phlebotomy technician is responsible for obtaining blood specimens from patients by utilizing age-appropriate venipuncture and micro-collection techniques, and ensuring adequate and correct test samples. He or she also facilitates the collection and transportation of other clinical laboratory specimens.
Requires graduation from a structured phlebotomy technician training course. CPR-AHA certification required and phlebotomist certification preferred.
Psychiatric technicians and aides care for people who have mental illness and developmental disabilities. The two occupations are related, but technicians typically provide therapeutic care, while aides help patients in their daily activities and ensure a safe, clean environment for them.
Requires a high school diploma or equivalent, CPR-AHA certification and current certification in Maryland as a certified nursing assistant. Previous behavioral health experience preferred. Postsecondary courses in psychology or mental health technology may be helpful.
Respiratory Therapist (RT)
The respiratory therapist (RT) evaluates, treats and cares for patients with breathing disorders.
Requires an associate's degree in respiratory therapy with certification and/or a Registered Respiratory Therapist licensure.
The surgical technologist is a member of the surgical team in the operating room. He or she works for hospitals or ambulatory surgery centers, assisting surgeons with surgical procedures and preparing equipment and supplies before, during and after surgery.
Requires a high school diploma plus certification and/or a minimum of one year experience.
Transporters assist in the transporting of patients throughout the hospital and responds to all hospital codes. Transporters secure appropriate equipment when asked. They may serve as members of the fire brigade and respond to drill/disaster situations appropriately as outlined in the Disaster Plans.
Requires a high school diploma or equivalent and CPR-AHA certification.